Caryacarya-1

37. Upabhukti Pramukha

Where there is a block system both in urban and rural areas, upabhukti means block.

Where there is a block system in rural areas but not in urban areas, upabhukti means (1) block in rural areas; (2) municipal jurisdiction in urban areas. Where a municipal jurisdiction is very big and includes more than one police station, upabhukti means the jurisdiction of one police station.

Where there is no block system either in urban or rural areas, upabhukti means an area having a population of one hundred thousand.

Election of Upabhukti Pramukha:

The sadvipras of an upabhukti will elect one upabhukti pramukha from among themselves. The upabhukti pramukha may or may not be an ácárya/á or a táttvika, but must be an educated family person. They will hold this post for a period of three years, after which a fresh election will be held.

Upabhukti Committee:

The elected upabhukti pramukha will form an Upabhukti Committee with members chosen from among the sadvipras of different parts of the upabhukti. The upabhukti pramukha will decide how many members will constitute the Upabhukti Committee. Duties and Responsibilities of Upabhukti Pramukha.

The role played by the ISMUB Department in the case of bhukti pradhánas will be played by the Social Security Department in the case of upabhukti pramukhas. The upabhukti pramukha will open as many schools as possible to increase the degree of literacy in the concerned upabhukti, and will develop and maintain a high standard of morality in the upabhukti.

They will endeavour to increase the purchasing power of the local population with the help of Proutists and other sadvipras, and will open as many universal stores as possible to meet the requirements of the local population.

They will endeavour to increase the farm production and industrial production of the upabhukti, and will start the requisite number of medical units and charity homes in the upabhukti in cooperation with the concerned AMPS sections.

The upabhukti pramukha may be included in the Bhukti Executive Committee of their bhukti, but must not hold any portfolio on the Committee.

1980, Kolkata

38. Sándhivigráhika, Janamitram and Lokamitram

The upabhukti pramukha of any particular region within whose jurisdiction there is the maximum number of functioning producers’ and consumers’ cooperatives in any half-year - provided that the percentage of literacy in the upabhukti is more than 25 per cent (although the purodhá pramukha may change this whenever necessary) and nobody in that upabhukti has died of starvation or malnutrition during the concerned half-year - will be known as sándhivigráhika [organizer of service centres]. They will be allowed to use the word sándhivigráhika as a prefix to their names until another person of the same region acquires this respectable rank. An upabhukti pramukha retaining the status of sándhivigráhika continuously for two years (four half-years) will be eligible to prefix the word permanently to his/her name (but this is not hereditary). A permanent sándhivigráhika can no longer hold the post of upabhukti pramukha.

The sándhivigráhika having the largest number of functioning cooperatives in a half-year in his/her jurisdiction within an entire sector is to be known as janamitram [friend of the people]. The rules for the permanent janamitram are the same as those for sándhivigráhika.

Of the janamitrams in the world, the one who has the largest number of functioning cooperatives in a half-year within his/her jurisdiction will be known as lokamitram [friend of the world]. The rules for a permanent lokamitram are the same as those for sándhivigráhika and janamitram.

1980, Kolkata

39. Your Various Organizations

(1) The Central Committee: The purodhás of Ananda Marga will elect the members of the Central Committee from among themselves. The purodhá pramukha will be the ex-officio president of the Central Committee, and he will constitute the Central Executive Committee according to his choice. If he wishes, he can include in the Central Executive Committee a maximum of three members from outside the Central Committee. The highest number of members of the Central Committee will be sixty and the lowest number will be fifteen. The number of the Central Executive Committee members will be decided by the president. In case 80 per cent of the members of the Central Committee so desire, the number of the Central Committee members may exceed sixty.

(2) The Bhukti Committee [See Ch. 34, “Bhukti Pradhána”.]

(3) The Village Committee:

The chairperson of the Bhukti General Committee, or in his/her absence the chairperson of its higher body, or in his/her absence, the president of the Central Committee, will nominate the village organizer. The village organizer will form the village committee according to his/her choice. If the villagers become dissatisfied with the village organizer’s function, or in the event of his/her demise, the nominating chairperson or president will nominate another organizer who enjoys the confidence of the villagers. A village will have only an Executive Committee. The organizer will decide the number of members of the Village Executive Committee at his/her discretion. Either ácárya/ás or táttvikas or, in their absence, other persons of the Marga, may be nominated as members of the Village Executive Committee.

(4) The Provincial or State Committee (Committee for State or Country, etc.) If it be deemed expedient to form a committee higher than the Bhukti Committee and below the Central Committee - for the province, or state, or country - the president of the Central Committee will nominate the chairperson of such a committee. The chairperson will select the members of the concerned Executive Committee. The chairperson will also decide the number of its members and as far as possible will select members from among those who are both ácárya/ás and táttvikas. If such qualified persons are not available in adequate numbers, the chairperson can even select members from among the general Margis. Such a committee will generally be considered as the Executive Committee. But if necessary, a General Committee may be formed with the approval of the president of the Central Committee, after ascertaining from the president the number of General Committee members. This Committee will extend all possible help to the Executive Committee. Ácárya/ás and táttvikas within the Committee’s territorial jurisdiction will elect the Committee members from among themselves. The number of members of this General Committee will be determined [amended] by 80 per cent of the aforesaid members. Where there is an elected General Committee, even when the chairperson of the aforesaid Committee has been nominated by the president, the chairperson will constitute the Executive Committee only from among the members of the General Committee. If, however, qualified persons are not available in sufficient numbers, even persons outside the General Committee can be included in the Executive Committee with the approval of the president of the Central Committee. In case the number of members appointed from outside the General Committee exceeds three, the chairperson will have to obtain the special permission of the president of the Central Committee.

(5) The lifespan of the committees subordinate to the Central Committee will be decided by the Central Committee. And the lifespan of the Central Committee will be decided by the Central General Body [of all purodhás].

(6) Income: The Village, Upabhukti, Bhukti, and the Provincial or State or National, Committees will each contribute 1/8 of its income to the committee immediately higher than it, and the remaining 7/8 will be spent in its own territory on public welfare and the propagation of dharma. For example, the committee immediately subordinate to the Central Committee will contribute 1/8 of its income to the latter. The Central Committee will utilize this money for the entire universe.

(7) The Central Committee functions will be in English. In the absence of persons knowing English, the work of the District or Village Committee will be carried on in the local language.

(8) The offices of the committees will be utilized as meeting places of the Margis. The duties of the Central, Bhukti, Upabhukti, and Village Committees will be public service and the propagation of dharma.

(9) Usually the purodhá pramukha and the president of the Central Committee will be the same person. But if the purodhá pramukha so desires, he may not function as the president of the Central Committee. In that case, the purodhá pramukha will appoint the president of the Central Committee and will fix the tenure of the new president.

(10) For the facility of work, the Central Committee can make necessary alterations, additions, and amendments to the rules drawn up above.

1956, Jamalpur