No matter how notorious a criminal is, s/he will have to stand trial based on the evidence and the lawyer’s eloquence, no matter if s/he is guilty or not. Criminals, if they have money, may come out unscathed through the legal intricacy with the help of a famous lawyer. And the non-guilty if they have no money, cannot appoint good counsel and are eventually sent to prison. If a thief is set free, it is a crime, no doubt; but inflicting punishment to an innocent person is a great sin – a severe dishonour of humanity.
“Social Value and Human Cardinal Principle”
Thus the purpose of the penal code which will be framed by the sadvipras will be to rectify and not punish a person. They will knock down the prisons and build rectification camps. Those who are not inborn criminals, in other words, those who perpetrate crimes because of some organic defects, ought to be offered treatment so they may humanize themselves. First and foremost their need is to be removed.
The significance of society lies in going all together. In the course of the journey, if anyone lags behind, if in the darkness of night a gust of wind blows out anyone’s lamp, then we should not go ahead leaving them in the lurch. We should extend a helping hand to them and light their lamps with the fire that makes us ablaze. Stop we must, otherwise the spirit of society is in jeopardy. Thus a person, whether s/he is a sinner, a sufferer, a thief, a criminal or characterless, is so quite superficially; inherently s/he vibrates with potentiality of being purified. The principle object of the sadvipras is to explore and bring this potentiality into play.
“Social Value and Human Cardinal Principle”
In every sphere of life – social, economic, mental and spiritual – making human beings conscious of their rights leads to the expansion of knowledge, and the full application of these rights is called the cultivation of science. Neglected people who, for whatever reasons, have not pursued knowledge and science, should be given full opportunities. There should be no discrimination. It is true, however, that self-seeking vested interests have taken advantage of the ignorance of the people, and have taken over in every field: social, economic, psychological and spiritual. They don’t want the ignorant to receive the light of wisdom, or the low-caste to climb the social ladder, or the hungry to have square meals, or the superstitious to banish their superstitions. They do not want all people to acquire spiritual and scientific knowledge, to have equal opportunities to attain the kingdom of God. In order to remove this false distinction between the “literate” and the “illiterate”, human values have to be recognized. Knowledge and science will be as free as light and air – they will be like a free-flowing spring, keeping all alive, supplying vital energy constantly to the human society.
Human Society I, 61
In regard to intellect, living beings may be divided into two main groups – those who want to share their wisdom, and those who do not want to. The more a group favours the sharing of wisdom, the more is their social instinct; and those who do not, their collective social mind cannot develop in the proper way due to lack of mutual understanding. Humans are beings of social inclination. Persons with social spirit must always remember that those who have little strength and ability at their disposal, those who have not, by Nature, been endowed with the power to survive the struggle for life, must always be led along in companionship. The greater this effort to accompany the helpless people, the more civilized those persons are, and the more proper their judgement. They are the really social-minded individuals, who accept in warm embrace the so-called low, base or discarded people.
Supreme Expression II, 119
When those at the helm of society despise others, a sizeable catastrophe arises. This outlook of looking down upon others is not always born of a superiority complex. In many cases a person may ridicule others to cover up his or her own ignorance. This egoistic feeling of superiority is detrimental to society. No matter what the education, intelligence, features, virtues, rank or age of an individual, everyone should bear in mind that the one s/he considers inferior, may excel him in some sphere. I have already said and I say it again – seventy-five percent of the troubles that overrun human society are due to the injustices inflicted upon one person by another.
Human Society I, 86
In my opinion those who take refined behaviour to be the criterion of education, commit a great mistake, for the identity of a person is not limited to one’s demeanour alone but it is reflected in one’s pervasive large-heartedness. Apologizing, after bumping a person, knowingly or unknowingly with an, “Oh sorry”, without enquiring as to what extent the person is hurt, is considered enough for refinement and this is the law of so-called civility. But we don’t find in this any indication of really sincere warmth of heart. Here the proof of education can only be seen if some healing balm is liberally applied to the wound of the injured man – if, even to the detriment of his own interest, the offender tries his utmost to mitigate his troubles.
Human Society I, 57
They are “educated” who have learned much, remembered much, and make use of their knowledge in everyday life. Their virtues I will call education.
Human Society I, 56